- By Beata Klarowska, M.S. CCC-SLP
- Wednesday, February 3, 2016
Children and adults with central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) exhibit difficulty processing information presented verbally resulting in difficulties in language comprehension, following directions, and discriminating differences or similarities among speech sounds. CAPD makes learning new information very challenging. Learning a new word, as well as spelling and reading are also affected by CAPD.
Research is still needed in the area of CAPD; however, most researchers agree that providing individualized direct language and auditory intervention, teaching compensatory strategies, and using environmental modifications may have a positive outcome over the long term (Bellis, 2008).
Compensatory strategies for children or adults with CAPD or other auditory processing disorders are aimed at helping the individual with the disorder to adjust to his or her challenging environment (Geffner, 2013).
Here are a few compensatory strategies for individuals with CAPD:
• Eliminate or reduce background noise, e.g., close the door and windows to reduce outside noise or turn off music, etc.
• Use noise-reducing headphones when studying or taking a test
• Ask for a separate quiet room when taking a test
• Sit in front of the room so you can focus on the teacher and instructions
• Avoid sitting next to a talkative friend in the classroom
• Lip-read when listening at home or school
• Pay attention to classroom visuals
• Ask the speaker to repeat
• Ask the speaker to speak louder
• Ask the teacher for clarification or ask the teacher to use visuals
• Ask the speaker to paraphrase what was not understood using simpler sentences
• Write down the difficult-to-understand words and ask the teacher to explain them in person after class
• Ask the teacher to provide what will be covered next time so you can study new vocabulary and prepare ahead of time
• Repeat directions out loud to yourself
• Use study aids in school such as a tape recorder or iPad with a recording app
• Take notes and compare your notes with your classmates
• Form a study group with some of your classmates to review material and homework
Geffner, D., Ross-Swain, D. 2013. Auditory Processing Disorders. Assessment, Management and Treatment. Second Edition.
Bellis, T.J., Anzalone, A.M. Intervention Approaches for Individuals with (Central) Auditory Processing Disorder. Contemporary Issues in Communication Science and Disorders. Volume 35. 143–153. Fall 2008© NSSLHA.